The requirements for psychiatrist specialty are extensive although it may differ from country to country or may even be state to state in US. Universally the preliminary period of several years in academic and clinical education and medical work supervision is also a vital part of succeeding in becoming a license psychiatrist. Bachelor’s degree is a requirement in United States, specific courses are normally determined by the major subject of specialty base of the student’s preference. Although this may be the case it is still required outline to veer towards pre-medical program (Student Information, 2007).
Social work is a discipline and profession that support and nurture society’s functioning and over all well-being of an individual, groups or family and communities (Global Definition of social work, 2014). It is an academic study that encourages social transformation and advancement, social structure, and deliverance of a community. Social work is a profession concerned with helping individuals, families, groups and communities to enhance their individual and collective well-being. It aims to help people develop their skills and their ability to use their own resources and those of the community to resolve problems. Social work is concerned with individual and personal problems but also with broader social issues such as poverty, unemployment and domestic violence (Canadian Association of Social Workers , 2018).
Specialties and Education requirement of Social worker
Four-year full-time bachelor’s degree or diploma in social work like Bachelor of Social Services would route of education required to be completed to aspiring Social workers. Some countries provide post graduate degrees in social work. The Council of Social Work Education in the United States are providing accreditation for these programs. To become a qualified Social worker a CSWE- accreditation degree is required to obtain a state license (What is social worker, 2015).
The significant percentage of social workers work in health care system. Several are in outpatient health centers. Medical social workers may manage discharge and review for new admission for matters that require additional attention. They may provide various resources for an individual within their community for support. Wide-ranging needs of patient’s case is handle in medical or hospital social work. Offering different healthcare alternatives is essentially demanding with risk and benefits to consider when offering a provision to an individual or family (SocialworkLicensure.org, 2018).
Long list of responsibilities is attached in taking on as medical social worker. Aside from managing routines, a medical social worker requires to control crises as they arise (SocialworkLicensure.org, 2018).
According to International Council of Nursing the definition of Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles (International Council of Nursing).
Specialties and Education requirement of Nursing
Different routes of education leading to nursing is available to take the standardized National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX)- RN.
Undergraduate Diploma in Nursing can be obtained commonly through hospital-based school of nursing. A two-year degree offered by community colleges is Associate Degree in Nursing (AND) is also available in hospital-based schools of nursing this provides fundamental foundation for graduates for a well-defined methodological scope of practice in this field.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BS/BSN) is an advanced four-year degree accessible at colleges and universities as MSN Master’s Degree programs providing number of course in Nursing Practice, Nurse Educator, Nurse Administrators. PhD Doctor of Philosophy programs are research-focused which routinely teach or conduct research. Another advance program is DNP Doctor of Nursing Practice program which focus on clinical practice or leadership positions (Nursingworld.org, 2018).
Duties and titles of Register Nurses depend on specific work and patients they relate with. They have exceptional scope of practice and can obtain career independence. As medical health care team they collaborate with diverse group of health care professionals to achieve the quality of care necessary for each patient (Nursingworld.org, 2018). Nursing practice is challenging and has the highest demand of service in the US. According to the Bureau of Labor statistics, registered nursing is one of the top 10 profession continuously rising from 2014 and expected up to 2024, expecting approximately 16% of growth (Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Healthcare Occupations, n.d.)
RN responsibilities vary from direct patient care and case management to determining nursing practice standards, advance quality warrant procedures, intricate nursing care systems, organizing clinical research and educating in nursing programs, as well as involvement in array of other exhilarating settings. When providing direct patient care, nurses observe, assess and record symptoms, reactions and progress, which provides the basis for care planning and intervention. RNs also provide manage care plans, instructions for patients and their families in appropriate care and aid individuals and groups to improve and maintain wellness health plan. A great base of information to assess, plan and mediate to encourage health, and preclude disease to patients with illness is a fundamental requirement as an effective RN (explore health careers.org)
Emergency Medical Technician
History of EMT or EMS in the US can be outlined back to the Civil War era. Qualifying officers in the military assess military personnel’s. Ambulances were allocated depending on the size of the brigade. To better assist patients everyone in the teams was trained in rending quality of care needed. About four decades ago President Lyndon Johnson’s suggested the concept of a national certification organization to institute uniform standard of training and examination of qualifying personnel delivering emergency services. In result to this concept National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians was launch in 1970.
Evolution of pre-hospital emergency medical care has successfully improved thru time. The EMT has been bone of essential associate to health care team. Education has been more advanced with its fundamentally focus in training programs. NREMT has helped implement the establish national requirements for certification and recertification of EMTs. They are also actively seeking continuous improvement in the standards of emergency medical services (West Virginia Department of Education).
. Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics act in response to emergencies, from any individuals who may be experiencing urgent attention of medical life threating issues. Providing first aid medical care for sick or incapacitated individual at a location may it be the persons home, on the road, accident site or other places while being transferred to hospital care. As a team of medical first responder there is also a key person designated to be the emergency vehicle operator provided the rest of the team attend to continue first aid medical care while on the road to a medical facility (Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Healthcare Occupations, n.d.).
Specialties and Education requirement for EMTs
In cooperation of high school diploma or equivalent and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification normally are mandatory for admission into postsecondary educational programs in emergency medical technology. These programs are nondegree programs completed in less than 1 year and on some other program last up to 2 years. Programs in emergency medical technology are obtainable thru technical institutes, community colleges, universities, and facilities that specialize in emergency care training. IN some states EMR positions may not require national certification.
The Commission on accreditation of allied health education program offers a list of accredited programs for EMTs and paramedics, by state. These programs may include but not limited to assessing patient’s conditions, dealing with trauma and cardiac emergency, clearing airways, utilizing field equipment, and controlling emergency situations. About 150 hours of focused instruction, and some training may take place in a hospital or ambulance setting. And for Advance EMT level program 400 hours is required at least this level obtain proper training education at EMT level skills as well as more complex ones. The most advance level of education is the Paramedics certification. This specific training program requires to be an EMT certified prior to advancing. 1200 hours of instruction is requiring from various colleges and university and may also consider to an associate or bachelor’s degree (Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Healthcare Occupations, n.d.).
EMTs and paramedics typically do the following: EMTs respond in the event of a 911 call for emergency medical assistance support such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or dressing a wound. Evaluating a patient’s state and establishing a treatment plan. They are also responsible in giving first-aid treatment or life support to sick or injured individuals. Safely transporting patient to a medical facility or transferring patients to the emergency department of healthcare facility. Give an account their observations and treatment to physicians, nurses, or other healthcare facility staff that will be providing the next course of treatment. Record medical care rendered to patients. These are a few of the major guidelines of task an EMT team do for a living (Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Healthcare Occupations, n.d.).
Health Care Administrator
Hospital administrators are entities or individual who serve as the vital purpose of managing within hospital facility. The two types of administrators, generalists and specialists. Generalists are individuals who are accountable for supervision or facilitating to control an entire facility. While a specialist are individuals who are in control for the effective operations of a specialized department such as strategic analysis, finance funding, accounting, budgeting makes financial arrangements human resources, or marketing (Health care career center).
It was reported in September 2014, that the United States spends roughly $218 billion per year on hospital’s administration costs, which is equivalent to 1.43 percent of the total economy. Hospital administration has grown as a percent of the U.S. economy from .9 percent in 2000 to 1.43 percent in 2012, according to Health Affairs. In 11 different countries, hospitals allocate approximately 12 percent of their budget toward administrative costs. In the United States, hospitals spend 25 percent on administrative costs (Kliff, 2014).
Health systems management has been labelled as a “hidden” health profession. since it is relatively low-profile part in health systems, in relation to direct-care professions such as nursing and physicians. Though the prominence of the administration profession within healthcare has been increasing in recent years, for the reason of high demand widespread problems in developed countries (Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Healthcare Occupations, n.d.).
Specialties and Qualification of Health Care Administrator
Generally medical and health care service managers have at least a bachelor’s degree prior to entering the field. Though, a master’s degrees are common and on occasion preferred by health care facility. Educational requirements vary by facility and specific function.
Bachelor’s Degree is necessary prior to employment as Medical and Health services manager. However, employers now a day prefer a Master degree. Graduate programs can last between 2-3 years and may require a 1 year supervised administrative experience in a hospital facility or a healthcare consulting setting.
Potential health care administrator typically has a degree in health administration, health management, nursing, public health administration, or business administration. Degrees that concentrate on both management and healthcare combine business-related courses with courses in medical terminology, hospital organization, and health information systems (Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Healthcare Occupations, n.d.).
Medical and health services managers, also called healthcare executives or healthcare administrators, plan, direct, and coordinate medical and health services. They may manage an entire facility, a specific clinical area or department, or a medical practice for a group of physicians. Medical and health services managers must adapt to changes in healthcare laws, regulations, and technology.
Medical and health services managers typically do the following: Improve efficiency and quality in delivering healthcare services. Develop departmental goals and objects. Ensure that the facility in which they work is up to date on and compliant with laws and regulations. Recruit, train, and supervise staff members. Manage the finances of the facility, such as patient fees and billing. Create work schedules. Prepare and monitor budgets and spending to ensure departments operate within funding limits. Represent the facility at investor meetings or on governing boards. Keep and organize records of the facility’s services, such as the number of inpatient beds used. Communicate with members of the medical staff and department heads (Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Healthcare Occupations, n.d.).
I had 8 years to focus on my future goals I want to achieve in my career as part of health care system. I originally graduate Nursing in 2017 and decided I wanted to join the military service and continue as a nurse at the Big Navy Mercy Ship. As I enter the military my priorities have change and my goals where different. As every military member evolve thru the time of service the had experience in the military. I survive two tours in Afghanistan and witness life and hardship of not being able to afford health care service for great population of that country. Following that tour I had a pleasure working with Georgian Army in the country of Tbilisi Georgia another country with health care service issues specially after the Russian use their country as hide outs for their ammunitions and military soldiers. I was assigned to this rural town to help establish their military force in abandoned base that almost look like a run-down area use by the Russians during war. Thru this experience I thought I wanted to be a nurse and be able to help provide services to them but as I start learning more and more what greatly affects the health care system I am having a hard choice of selecting between Medical social worker or a Health care administrator. Both have vital role in the health care system and I believe both would be effective in my goals in achieve an effective employment for me to be able to attain my achievement in being able to assist and provide a better and effective quality of care. Mainly thru my experience I have dealt with complex scenarios in problem solving and push my creative mind to be able to execute a great plan in resolving issues. This trait I will forever be grateful as part of my learning experience with the military environment.