Sally Fitzgibbons Foundation

Beginning the Academic Essay

“The instrument norm is designed for a group of test takers as a reference for evaluation, interpretation, and context placement of their individual test scores” (Cohen, Swerdlik & Sturman, 2018, I-26). This research will study norm-referenced test to establish a base to examine cognitive functions through score comparisons and performance data to measure its influence on test anxiety. As an example, data may include poor test preparation, students’ traits of freezing on a test, and heightened self-confidence. Also, if previously recognized reliability measurements are available, it provides a method to comparison to similar constructs. A tool in reliability measurement is ‘situation-specific’ which focuses on two main aspects of test anxiety; emotional and cognitive measurements (Cohen, Swerdlik ; Sturman, 2018). This would emphasize study habits, skillsets, test perceptions, emotional factors and possibly, cognitive scale measurements for consistency over time (Cohen, Swerdlik ; Sturman, 2018).

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