Sally Fitzgibbons Foundation

Beginning the Academic Essay

The Glycaemic Index is a ranking of carbohydrates found in foods according to how they affect your blood glucose levels.The GIycaemic Index (GI) is a rating of carbohydrates dependant on how they affect your blood glucose levels. The Glycemic Load (GL) is a rating of the carbohydrates according to the GI and the amount of carbohydrates found in food. The Glycaemic Load is defined by the amount of carbohydrates in a portion of food multiplied by the GI value divided by 100.A low GI has a value of 55 or less. A medium/moderate GI value is 56-69.A high GI value is 70 or more.Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that enables your body to use sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food you consumed for energy or to store glucose for future usage.Blood glucose levels are altered right through the day however for a person without diabetes, a fasting blood sugar should be under 100 mg/dl. Before-meals a normal glucose levels are 70–99 mg/dl and up to 140mg/dl two hours after eating. A person will have diabetes when the fasting blood glucose is level is at 126mg/dl or above. The safe blood sugar level is between 70 to 105mg/dl ensuring that you still have the right amount of energy but your blood glucose levels re never too low or too high.GI RATING SCALE NAME OF FOOD GI RANKING
LOW GI Sweet corn,on the cob,boiled 48
Sweet potato,baked 46
Carrots,peeled,boiled 41
Tomato,canned 45
Lentil,canned 44
Long grain rice,white,Mahatma,boiled 50
Soba noodles,instant,served in soup 46
Gluten-free Muesli 39
Oat bran,raw,unprocessed 55
Pumpernickel bread 50

GI RATING SCALE Food GI Rating
Medium GI Lemon squash soft drink 58
Whole-grain rye bread 58
Puffed buckwheat 65
Life,Quaker Oats 66
Polenta(cornmeal),boiled 68
Ryvita Currant Crispbread 66
Condensed milk,sweetened,full fat 61
Noodles,dried rice,boiled 61
Sugar,white 68
Golden syrup 63

GI RATING SCALE FOOD GI RATING
HIGH GI Gatorade 78
Swede (rutabaga) 72
Radishes,red 75
Pumpkin ,boiled 75
Potato,baked,without skin 85
Glucose Syrup 100
Brown Pelde rice,boiled 76
Corn pasta,gluten-free,boiled 78
Kumara,boiled 77
Rice cracker,plain 91
Foods with a High GI can cause a sudden rise in glucose levels due to this the body will pancreas will produce insulin. The high amount of insulin produced causes glucose levels in the blood to suddenly decrease and this create the feeling of hunger even if you weren’t hungry before. Food with a Low GI is good and beneficial to your health as Low GI reduces the risk of chronic disease.

In conclusion the Glycaemic index is very influential in your health as the amounts of carbohydrate consumed in your diet with determine your well being and energy your energy levels.

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