Sally Fitzgibbons Foundation

Beginning the Academic Essay

Should School Lunches be Healthier?
Today in America, 12% of children under the ages of 18 are obese and unhealthy. Many children who are overweight are affected by insecurity, bullying and medical issues, they may even develop psychological issues. Doctors think that childhood obesity is linked to parents who are neglectful, who either feed them too much junk food or do not encourage physical activity. There are a lot of causes for childhood obesity, one of them being TV as it is often preferred by the young child than outdoor psychical activity. Another reason is that school lunches are often unhealthy and full of sugar, sodium, and fat, that could lead to type 2 diabetes and obesity. Other issues that obesity can cause are, cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol. This is all caused by poor diet and little to no exercise, doctors blame the parents but what if it is out of the control of the parents and the school systems lunches are slowly fattening up our future.
I started this research process over a few weeks at the end of April and the beginning of May 2018. This research has a total of five sources that include, two web sources, and academic articles. My research gave me more of an understanding on childhood obesity and how we could prevent early stages of the disorder.
Annotated Bibliography
Best, John R., et al. “Shared Weight and Dietary Changes in Parentâ??Child Dyads Following Family-Based Obesity Treatment.” Health Psychology, vol. 35, no. 1, 2016, pp. 92–95., doi:10.1037/hea0000247.
In this peer reviewed academic article, the author’s main goal for this article was to see if parents who were active in losing weight would affect their children in losing weight as well. The authors wanted to see if the parents dietary changes would influence the children of the family, so they conducted a study that lasted for two years on randomized controlled test on 148 different families. They calculated the fruit, vegetable and the junk food that the family ate. The long term effects were the most interesting, according to the authors, since it was predicted that the children had similarity in diets with their parents when it came to the junk food.
This article was short but it had a lot of data to support the findings the authors had. I agree with the findings the authors had with this study, I do believe that parents have a great influence on their children’s diets. Although this source was fascinating, it did not help me so much in my research question.

Rabin, Roni Caryn. “Obesity and School Lunches.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 4 Feb. 2011, www.nytimes.com/2011/02/08/health/research/08childhood.html.
This article is from the New York Times and is written by Roni Caryn Rabin. It talks about the increasing numbers of childhood obesity in America and how the school lunches are being improved. In this article, they did a study on 1,000 sixth graders and according to the article, the students who eat the school lunches are 29% more likely to be obese than the students who brought their own lunches from home. According to the article, a federal law has been pass back in December of 2010, that the Department of Agriculture had made schools put a limit of calories into each lunch and they are required to have more vegetables and fruits.
I liked this article because it was short and to the point, I believed it to be credible because it has been published on the New York Times website. The author, Roni Caryn Rabin, has been a staff writer for the New York Times for two and a half years, she has attended both, Oberlin College for English and creative writing, and Columbia University where she got her Masters of Science. This article was useful as it ended on a good note saying there has been a law passed to where our school lunches require a calorie count, but unfortunately it does not have a lot of information.

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