Sally Fitzgibbons Foundation

Beginning the Academic Essay

Polymers in Textile industry
Instructor name: Dr. Jolly Jacob
Submitted by:
Name ID
Hazah Essa 1059878
Mubarak Alrashdi 1059895
Abdulrahman Mohsen 1059772
Abdulla Alhosani 1061043
Table of contents:
Introduction………………………………….3
Polymers: – an overview….…………………3
The Structure of Polymers………………….4
Characteristics of Polymers………….…….. 4
4.1 Polymers can be very resistant to chemicals………………….……4
4.2 Polymers can be both thermal and electrical insulators…….…….4
4.3 Generally, polymers are very light in weight with significant degrees of strength…………………………………………………………….….5
4.4 Polymers can be processed in various ways……………………….5
4.5 Polymers are usually made of petroleum, but not always….…….5
Uses of polymers………………………….….5
Future of polymers………………………….6
Conclusion……………………………………6
References………………………………………… 7
Introduction: –
In today’s world, we cannot think without polymers which is one of the most important aspects in life. After cultivation sector, the Textile has taken its own position as the second largest Industries for the obvious reason of human need. Today Textile does not mean only repetition or just simply clothes made, but it has permeated at each field. in Industrial usages, High ways ; road constructions, buildings, decorative fabrics, medical Textile and Technical textiles… etc. CITATION Bib17 l 1033 (Basu, 2017)Polymers: – an overview
Polymers are made up of many molecules all strung together to form long chains. Polymeric materials have been used from prehistoric times. The first man-made polymers formed by chemical modification of natural materials. Polymers are abundant in nature, found in all living systems, and materials such as wood, paper, leather, natural fibers have found extensive use. CITATION MBu16 l 1033 (Buggy, 2016)left1079500
The Structure of Polymers: –
Many common classes of polymers are composed of hydrocarbons, compounds of carbon and hydrogen. These polymers are specifically made of carbon atoms bonded together, one to the next, into long chains that are called the backbone of the polymer. Because of the nature of carbon, one or more other atoms can be attached to each carbon atom in the backbone. CITATION ame18 l 1033 (americanchemistry, 2018)Characteristics of Polymers: –
Most manufactured polymers are thermoplastic, meaning that once the polymer is formed it can be heated and reformed repeatedly. Every polymer has very distinct characteristics, but most polymers have the following general attributes. CITATION ame18 l 1033 (americanchemistry, 2018)Polymers can be very resistant to chemicals:
Consider all the cleaning fluids in your home that are packaged in plastic. Reading the warning labels that describe what happens when the chemical meets skin or eyes or is ingested will emphasize the need for chemical resistance in the plastic packaging.

Polymers can be both thermal and electrical insulators:
A walk through your house will reinforce this concept. Thermal resistance is evident in the kitchen with pot and pan handles made of polymers, the coffee pot handles, the foam core of refrigerators and freezers, insulated cups, coolers, and microwave cookware. as you consider all the appliances, cords, electrical outlets and wiring that are made or covered with polymeric materials.

Generally, polymers are very light in weight with significant degrees of strength:
Consider the range of applications, from toys to the frame structure of space stations, or from delicate nylon fiber in pantyhose to Kevlar, which is used in bulletproof vests. But, compared to the density of stone, steel or aluminum, all plastics are lightweight materials.

Polymers can be processed in various ways:
Extrusion produces thin fibers or heavy pipes or films or food bottles. Injection molding can produce very intricate parts or large car body panels. Some plastics are stretched in processing to hold their shape, such as soft drink bottles. Other polymers can be foamed like polystyrene, polyurethane and polyethylene.

Polymers are usually made of petroleum, but not always:
Many polymers are made of repeat units derived from natural gas or coal or crude oil. But building block repeat units can sometimes be made from renewable materials such as polylactic acid from corn or cellulosic from cotton linters. When the building blocks can be made more economically from renewable materials than from fossil fuels, either old plastics find new raw materials or new plastics are introduced.
Uses of polymers:
Polymers are used in almost every area of modern living. Grocery bags, soda, water bottles, textile fibers, computers, food packaging, auto parts and toys all contain polymers. Popular polymers for manufacturing include polyethylene and polypropylene. Their molecules can contain of 10,000 to 200,000 monomers. CITATION Ali17 l 1033 (Bradford, 2017 )Future of polymers:
Artificial skin made of a silicone polymer may be the future of anti-aging efforts. In the form of two creams, the polymer may be able to tighten a person’s skin, reduce the appearance of wrinkles and diminish under-eye bags, according to a study published May 2016 in the journal Nature Materials. Such artificial skin may also be used to help those with skin conditions, such as eczema, or be used as sun block. CITATION Ali17 l 1033 (Bradford, 2017 )Conclusion:
Polymers are important chemicals that have specific structure, special kinds, and unique characteristics that can be useful in many applications in our daily lives. The polymers are gradually taking away more areas in our domestic / Industrial life for its own advantages.

Natural fibers although slight cheaper at present but will be costlier in future and polymers will capture more areas. Polymers have the multiple areas of application which natural fibers cannot. That’s why further studies and researches about polymers and their properties should be done to explore other applications and get advantage of such amazing chemicals.

Bibliography
BIBLIOGRAPHY americanchemistry. (2018). The Basics: Polymer Definition and Properties. https://plastics.americanchemistry.com/plastics/The-Basics/.

Basu, B. (2017). Polymers in Textiles . https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/6122/polymers-in-textiles?page=1.

Bradford, A. (2017 ). What Is a Polymer? https://www.livescience.com/60682-polymers.html.

Buggy, M. (2016). Polymeric Materials. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/chemistry/polymer.

Carr, K. (2017, April 25). Difference Between Linear ; Branched Polymers. Retrieved from SCIENCING: http://sciencing.com/difference-between-linear-branched-polymers-8521652.html
Fibers. (n.d.). Retrieved June 6, 2017, from Chemistry: Foundations and Applications: http://www.encyclopedia.com/sports-and-everyday-life/fashion-and-clothing/textiles-and-weaving/fibers
Polymer materials, testing of chemical resistance. (n.d.). Retrieved from Kiwa: https://services.1kiwa.com/polymers/polymer-materials-testing-chemical-resistance

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