Sally Fitzgibbons Foundation

Beginning the Academic Essay

Name: Kareem Tinto
Student I.D.: 816005892
Name of tutor &
Tutorial Class: Dr. Patrick Campbell: Fridays 2-3pm
Session number: No.4

Session date: September 26 th
, 2018
Session topic: How Science Progresses

The fourth lecture session has come around, and this is my final journal entry that I
would use to reflect on the process of learning. Firstly, I failed miserably upon
viewing the video that was played by the lecturer that tested the observation skills of
the viewing audience. The test was to count how many times the white team caught
the rubber-banned ball. Now I was focused on all the passes that the white team made
and all the successful catches, when the moderator on the video asked if the guess for
the number of catches were thirteen then the viewers that made that guess would have
been correct, I was like yes, I got it. Subsequently, the narrator in the video asked how
many persons saw the black belt gorilla? I did not see it.As the video was carried back

a few moments before, suddenly the gorilla was there in the mix. This was so
impacting. It clearly shows that at times we are so focused on what we are told or
asked to do, that the obvious things in-front us are gone unseen. I was then wondering
how this is going to tie in to how science progresses and I became even more
intrigued.
The concept of progresses in science is attained when it shows the accumulation of
knowledge. In a common view, science is said to be logical, rational testing and
observation of the world which produces pieces of knowledge and which eventually
reaches some critical stage where new scientific theories emerge. (Dr. Omah-Maharaj,
2018). This is very interesting since daily learning takes place. In life, we are
obligated to make decisions that are logical, rational and sensible whilst observing
what is transpiring around us. In like manner, life always bring us the only constant
thing, change. Similarly, I can understand that in the progress of science, as time
evolves, new ideas emerge and gives way to new concepts. Another concept that I
appreciated was the existence of paradigms which are discrete and culturally based. It
is also said that cultures that encourage the development of science and technology
will be progressive. (Dr. Omah-Maharaj, 2018). Focusing on development in science
and technology on an international scale, Switzerland has ranked the number country
for its knowledge-based economy and their ability to turn innovative thinking into
lucrative projects dating back to 2011. An example of their innovative work is, their
local bank UBS is now using virtual reality for projecting investment portfolios to
clients. (Weller, 2016).
There are four ways as outlined in the lecture by which paradigms can influence the
scientific process.This occurs through the dictating of studies and researches, as a
result of the types of questions asked, the exact structure and nature of the questions

and the interpretation of the results. (Dr. Omah-Maharaj, 2018) Shifts in paradigms
also influences a change in the scientific process. Paradigms are also known to be past
scientific achievements that a particular scientific community acknowledges for a
given time in the provision of information that lays a foundation for further practice. (Shermer, n.d.).So based on the constant development of paradigms along the passage
of time, there are several examples that can be drawn to illustrate how science has
progressed in the very modern world that we live in. Take for instance, earthquake
activity that is common all around the world. Scientists were able to develop systems
that can measure and record the magnitudes of earthquakes and over time be able to
ascertain possible causes. Now one can only imagine that as time evolved, the works
of scientists do as well science more and more tectonic plate activities associated with
earthquakes are occurring. Lying west of Trinidad and straddling the New Mexico
border area, it has become the new home to most earthquakes in that Colorado State.
Scientists say that it is no coincidence. They were also able to associate mining
activity as the root cause of most of those earthquakes that read up to magnitudes of
4.0 of the past twenty years. Scientists monitoring these activities have been able to
identify the increases in activities and come up with conclusions as to the constant
increase in earthquake activities in that given area in comparison to past earthquakes
many years before. (KOAA 5, 2018). Ideally, one can appreciate that based on the
information and observations of scientists in the world at large are able to use
foundational principles outlined in the scientific method to be able to adapt in
changing times to propel the movement of science even along the course and
progression of time. Evidence is vital in being able to ascertain whether or not the is
actually a progression of science or whether or not it remains stagnant and
unchangeable. As an individual living in a third world country, I definitely can see

how science has progressed and I can also link evidence that is all around to
corroborate that it is indeed progressive. Meteorologists locally here in Trinidad has
been able to capture data from weather patterns from the past and compare them to
present weather and atmospherical conditions to explain changes that are prevailing
over a given territory. More evidently, on the daily weather broadcasts aired to the
general population, based on scientific systems that are designed for the reading,
capturing and measuring of atmospheric conditions and its affect on weather
conditions, are able to give predictions of future weather forecasts and in the main,
they are quite accurate. This is a very simple example that I can reflect on to illustrate
how science has progressed and the influence of paradigm shifts that also create for
development.
In sum, I have truly learnt a great deal of the scientific method which rolls out keys
processes or steps that are taken to solve problems, answer questions and generally
provide development for the world today. Key observations, solid and sound
reasoning, usage of empirical evidence, research, cross referencing of past scientific
laws, consolation of scientific theories and the adaptation and revolution of science
along the skirts of time that allows for the progression of science and technology in
the ever evolving world. I am more informed and aware of the world I live in, I have a
greater sense of appreciation for the access to information, the systems in place for
monitoring, measuring and quantifying data that all functions in tandem to bring
about comfort and security of communities and countries at large. I am motivated to
not only be cognizant of what transpires around me regionally and internationally but
I am also willing to do my part in learning and contributing to it in whatever way that
is possible.

Reference list
KOAA 5. (2018, May 5). Scientists say Trinidad-area earthquakes are human-caused

Video file Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yn2OIhaQTaY
Dr. Omah-Maharaj, Indira. (2018, September 26). How Science Progresses Retrieved
from
http://myelearning.sta.uwi.edu/pluginfile.php/522224/mod_resource/content/4/FOU
N%201210%2018a%20%20-%20Lecture%204%20How%20Science%20Progresse
s%20IOM.pdf
Shermer, Michael. (n.d.). Does ScienceProgress? Retrieved from
http://chem.tufts.edu/science/shermer/e-skeptic/progressofscience.html
Weller, Chris. (2016, August 29). The 15 most innovative countries in the world
Retrieved from
https://www.businessinsider.com/most-innovative-countries- in-the-world-2016-8

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