Sally Fitzgibbons Foundation

Beginning the Academic Essay

Marketing Principles (MKT 3210)
Individual Assignment
MAY 2018
Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery Industry in United States
Instructor : Ms Kumarashvari A. SubramaniamName : Chew Yee Ling
Student ID: I17014011
Section : 5MK1
Evaluation Rubric
Company Name: Buinewicz Plastic Surgery and MedSpaName(s) and ID: Chew Yee Ling (I17014011)
CRITERIA Mark Assigned Marks Allocation Feedback
LAYOUT OF YOUR REPORT
A Cover Page – As this heading implies, you must specify a title for your report, which should be as descriptive as possible. On this page you should also indicate who has written the report and to whom it is addressed.

A Table of Contents – This should show the page numbers of the main headings and subheadings used in the report.
A List of References and Citation (Harvard style) – sources which are actually cited in the report itself (if applicable)
Formatting – The report should be done in Times New Roman, Font size 12, single-spaced with double-spaces between paragraphs and headings. Not more than 2000 – 2500 words (excluding cover page, table of contents, appendix and references).

2 INTRODUCTION
This section introduces the report by telling the reader why the report was required, what you set out to do (includes aim and objectives) and how the findings have been achieve. 1 CONTENT
Industry background study
Discussion on cultural shift
SWOT analysis
Challenges 4
4
4
4 CONCLUSION
The conclusion should not incorporate any material but should summarize the key arguments discussed in the main body of the report. 1 Table of Content
Title Pages
Introduction Industry Background Study Discussion on Cultural Shift SWOT Analysis Challenges Conclusion References Introduction
This report aims to introduce the cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery in United States. In this report, I will study the background of the plastic surgery industry and how the cultural shift affects the industry. Plastic surgery is defined as a specialized surgical specialty used to reconstruct facial and physical defects caused by birth disorders, trauma, burns or cancer. Plastic surgery aims to correct the site of physical dysfunction and is essentially a reconstruction in nature, while cosmetic surgery is considered as purely for enhanced appearance purpose (American Board of Cosmetic Surgery, 2009). The desire to be satisfied on their appearance, desire to become an attractive person, and desire to be satisfied with their own image are one of the most significant forms of surgery in medical fields. The superior appearance enhances self-confidence and provides superior self-awareness. Although making the face and body more beautiful is not the main advantage of cosmetic suregry. Plastic medical procedures are a scientific and fragile craft that can make a person feel more confident. Plastic surgery will certainly improve a person’s mental state. Some researches indicate that plastic surgery procedures may increase self-esteem and make individuals more attractive. According to these aspects, even small changes can make a huge impact on appearance (Reza Rafie, S. and Salehahmadi, Z., 2012). Every surgery has its own risk. Scarring, blood loss, organ damage and blood clots are all the side effect of cosmetic surgery. People have to think carefully before undergo cosmetic surgery.
1. Provide background study on this industry, its contribution to the national GDP. You are encouraged to provide any relevant data.

Year GDP (million) GDP Growth (%)
2015 $ 18,120,700 2.9
2016 $ 18,624,500 1.5
2017 $ 19,390,600 2.3
Table 1: Annual GDP in United States (Countryeconomy.com., 2018)

Diagram 1: Cosmetic Surgery Procedures and GDP in 2001-2011 (Nassab and Harris, 2013)
Buinewicz Plastic Surgery is a clinic which located in Doylestown, United States. Buinewicz Plastic Surgery has more than 25 years of experience in cosmetic and plastic surgery’s industry. The goal of the clinic is to provide a natural-looking appearance for all the patients. The clinic provides cosmetic and plastic surgery such as breast implant, liposuction, tummy tuck, and facelift, it also provides spa services and hair restoration to patients (Buinewiczplasticsurgery.com., n.d.). Buinewicz Plastic Surgery also provides consultation to patients who are interested in cosmetic surgery.
The U.S. economy grew by 2.2% quarterly in the first quarter of 2018, which was lower than the estimation of 2.3% and market expectations of 2.3%. The average growth rate of the United States’ GDP from the year 1947 to 2018 was 3.21%. A high record of 16.9% is reached in the first quarter of 1950 and reached a low record of -10% in the first quarter of 1958 during these years (Tradingeconomics.com, 2018). Due to the increasing of the population are paying for cosmetic and plastic surgery, there are 159 match positions for plastic surgery were provided in United States in 2017, and the number of plastic surgeons population increased by 2.4%. The GDP growth rate of 2017 is predicted to be 2.6% (Batista, 2017). From the table above, USA GDP in 2015 is $18,120,700, which is 2.9%, while in 2016 and 2017, the GDP are $ 18,624,500 (1.5%) and $ 19,390,600 (2.3%) respectively. Based on diagram 1, from the data provided by American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), the cosmetic surgery procedures in 2010 is 160000 and GDP for the same year is $11.5 million. In 2011, the procedures are slightly increased compared with last year and GDP is more than $15 million. According to American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2018), there was 2% increase in 2017, which was 17.5 million cosmetic surgery and minimally invasive cosmetic procedures performed in United States.
2. Using examples, explain how the cultural shift affects the cosmetic and plastic surgery industry.

Today, cosmetic and plastic surgery is growing because of the economic development, changes in social and cultural norms, globalization and access to cultural media, and increasing visits to Western countries. The cultural changes in different societies have increased people’s concerns about their appearance and thus increased demand of plastic surgery. However, the psychological factors are the main reason for cosmetic and plastic surgery. People are interested in modifying and improving their appearance. Compared to men, women are more emphasizes on their appearance as this society is appearance orientation.
In United State, cosmetic surgery did not accepted widely by ethnic groups in the past. Many ethnics thought that cosmetic and plastic surgery will affect their identity. However, cosmetic surgery is no longer seen as a sign of rejection of ethnic’s identity by minorities. In fact, some of the women are looking forward to enhance their beauty. Non-caucasian performed some procedures that are not significant different from races such as lip reduction, breast reduction, botox, injectable fillers and tummy tack (Wimalawansa et al. n.d.). However, the developments in technology made people are more willing to consider and accept cosmetic surgery for altering their physical appearance.

According to Eunjung (2016), Americans are increasingly obsessed with their beauty, which has contributed to the growth in cosmetic and plastic surgery. In 2015, there were 15.9 million surgical and minimally invasive cosmetic procedures in the United States. From 2000 to 2015, the number of surgeries increased by 115%, from 7401495 procedures increased to 15908330 procedures. The reasons going for plastic surgery are because they want to improve their appearance and attract attention from others. According to Bracco (2016), one woman is being fired because she looks older. Plastic surgery not only can increase self-confident, it also can boost your career. In fact, people are prefer to look at an attractive and pretty people, attractive appearance enable you to increase relationship with colleagues and increase job security, as you don’t have to worry about being fired just because you are looking older, especially in marketing or insurance career.
Cosmetic surgery procedures help people to lose weight. Many people are looking for cosmetic surgery because it related to health issues. According to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 70.2% of the adults are overweight and 37.7% are considered have obesity in United States (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases n.d.). Being overweight or obese makes one look ugly and become a laughing stock of others. In the past, people need to keep exercise to reduce weight, and exercise are time consume and difficult to continue for some of the people. As a result, cosmetic surgery is a faster way to lose their weight and becoming popular. Through plastic surgery, people can get rid of the problem of overweight and lead a healthy lifestyles.
Most people undergo cosmetic surgery because they are involved in serious accidents such as car crashes or motor vehicles accident. These accidents can cause serious damage to their appearance, and only plastic surgery can help solve these injuries. During the past, accident victims cannot find a way to recover the facial disfigurement, after the introduction of plastic surgery, reconstructive surgery help accident victims to get back to their previous look. Furthermore, people will increase their self-esteem after undergo plastic surgery. By solving physical problems, patients have greater confidence in themselves and more satisfied with their physical appearance.
In this new era, cosmetic or plastic surgery is not an abnormal thing in society. Even celebrities and social media began to speak more openly and discuss about their surgical procedures journey via social media such as Instagram. Everyone has the right to express his/her opinions, but many people think that there is nothing wrong to undergo a cosmetic surgery because it is exist to satisfy the desire of beauty . In fact, we all do this in different ways, whether it is surgery or makeup.
SWOT Analysis
Strength
Buinewicz Plastic Surgery clinic has many facilities, such as spa. The spa is one of the strength of the company as there are few of the clinics combine the spa treatment with plastic surgery services. The quiet atmosphere lets the customers feel relax and unwind and spa treatment enhance the health and appearance of skin. Buinewicz Plastic Surgery provides several treatments such as scars, fine lines and wrinkles, sun exposure damage skin, acne and other blemishes to customers. Moreover, it has provides loyalty cards to the customers. Loyalty customers can buy any 3 treatments and get the 4th treatment at 25% discount. Excellent staff with strong knowledge in the field is the strength of the clinic. The doctors in the clinic are expect and professional. Dr. Brian R. Buinewicz has over 23 years of experience in plastic surgery industry and received triple certification while Dr Annie Buinewicz has more than 25 years of experience in medical field.
Weaknesses
The higher cost of treatment becomes an abandon to patients. Some of the patients may not able to afford plastic surgery. Undifferentiated of services is also the weakness of the clinic. Plastic surgery industry are growing rapidly and all of the clinics are offering the same cosmetic or plastic surgery procedures to the patients, it cause that the patients cannot differentiate the options that provide by the clinics. To attract more patients, Buinewicz Plastic Surgery clinic can create a blog and update relevant and content on the blog to let more people recognize the clinic. Moreover, Buinewicz Plastic Surgery can create something unique in the business such as connect the health care service with the technology. For example, patients can download their lab results from the portal instead of calling the clinic, it may become more convenient to the patients (Medical Healthcare Marketing, 2017).

Opportunities
In United States, there are increasing trends in plastic surgery, according to American Society of Plastic Surgeons report, Americans spent more than $16 billion on cosmetic plastic surgeries and minimally invasive procedures in 2016. The growing demand may become an opportunity to expand the business (Rossman, 2017). The advanced technologies in future allow the business to grow further such as the 3D printing, personalized tissue engineering, and transplanting complex structure. 3D printing print out the facial structure or features such as nose and eyes and manipulate it on the computer to make comparison with the original. Personalized tissue engineering is the physical structures such as ears and skin can be grown in the lab and implanted to the patient to restore the shape and function. Furthermore, the complexity of the full face transplant can be performed by the transplanting complex structure technology (Zwivel, 2017). The advanced technologies able to reduce the risk of surgery and operation time in future.

Threats
Political unstable in United States can affect the economic in the country, and create uncertainty in market. This uncertainty will increase the uncompensated risk together with the investment and affect the growth. People are unwilling to invest to the clinic, it will impact the financial performance of the business. Moreover, over millions of Americans in each year are traveling abroad for cosmetic surgery such as UK and Korea. The reasons of people prefer to go abroad for plastic surgery are they have variety of choices and procedure to choose compare with their own country. Furthermore, some of the surgeons can only be found abroad and the cost of operation is cheaper. In addition, increase in competitors will reduce the growing rate of clinic and increase the level of rivalry between competitors in the market. The clinic has to reduce the price in order to compete with them and this may affect the profit of the clinic.
4. What are the challenges faced by marketers? Discuss.

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, cosmetic surgery is booming, $10.1 billion business each year in the U.S (Rossman, 2017). Cosmetic and plastic surgery face additional pressure and challenges in future because of the increased demand for a more youthful appearance. The advance medical technology and techniques have made plastic surgery have more choices than before. However, there are few challenges faced by cosmetic and plastic surgery industry such as economic crisis, health issue and social media.
Economic crisis will give a huge impact to the professional and industry. Tourists who come to United State for plastic surgery will look for another country. People will tend to look into lower budget treatment especially cosmetic surgery because it is a wants not a need. Furthermore, many cosmetic and plastic surgery procedures are expensive. The face lift and body lift cost $12125 and $15125 respectively in America (Bonomi, 2018). The cost of surgery will decrease the demand of American. These costs are simply the basic cost of the program. The cost of surgery are including the surgeon cost, hospitalization and anesthesia fees as well as the drug costs and consultation cost (Holley, 2017).
Cosmetic enhancement is on the rise. Many people are dissatisfied with their appearance and they went for cosmetic surgery. However, the doctor cannot 100% guarantees that the surgery will be successful. Plastic surgery carries the risk of medical complications like other surgery, such as death. The most common risks caused by plastic surgery are infections, severe bleeding, which can lead to numbness, tissue death (necrosis), and nerve damage in the area of congestion (hematoma). Plastic surgery can also cause thrombosis and deep vein thrombosis (Holley, 2017). People nowadays are more health conscious and the increase awareness about the risk of cosmetic and plastic surgery among individual will be a bigger challenge in this field.

Social media is one of the challenge that faced by the plastic surgery industry. Social media provide a platform to patients to make consultation online. Social media allows the patients to have a better understanding about cosmetic surgery. However, the social media also can affect the cosmetic surgery through the review that provide by the patients. Patients often use social media to discuss their experience. Some of the patients give the bad review without having any surgery experiences, the reviews are based on the outcome of communication with the staff. The bad reviews can affect the overall performance of hospital and the sales will drop significantly. In addition, some of the websites are promoting the risk and negative side of cosmetic surgery, which has impact the perception of customers in this industry. Thus, social media is a powerful tool and needs to be used effectively to avoid pitfalls.

The challenges that faced by the marketers are not only limited to cost, social media, the side effect of the plastic surgery may be the biggest challenge in this area. Many side effects will arise after operation such as scarring, numbness and swelling. Regardless of what type of surgery, it contains many uncertain risks that we didn’t know. Individuals who are willing to go for a cosmetic surgery to improve specific aspects of body or face should consider the risk. Patients have to conduct research and gather as much information as possible before visiting a plastic surgeon and the decision to undergo the surgery should think seriously.
Conclusion
Currently, cosmetic surgery is spread all over the world. The growing involves several factors such as socio-economic development, cultural norms changes, globalization and impact of the Western culture, advertising and social media. Nowadays, cosmetic surgery is becoming a profitable business. It focuses only on the appearance of people rather than the sex, age and ethnicity.

The advanced technology and cheaper treatments are the trend in cosmetic surgery. This condition meets consumer needs and solves more of the issues, which will lead to further demand for cosmetic surgery such as the effects of sun exposure, malnutrition, an aging population, and a sedentary lifestyle. Laser therapy is recently become main stream and is growing rapidly in the market. New technologies are important to the future market as it can decrease the cost and risk of procedures.
However, consumer concerns have become increasingly important. Due to the fear of dissatisfied of surgeons, consumers are increasingly sceptical about the reliability of the industry. Although the number of reported problems is less than 20%, but it has been amplified by raising awareness of the risk of errors in treatments such as infections, scars and nerve damage (Owen, 2015). In a nutshell, despite of the advanced technology, every procedure have its own risk, patients have to think properly before going for plastic surgery.

(2700 words)
References
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2. American Society of Plastic Surgeons. (2018). New Statistics Reveal the Shape of Plastic Surgery. online Available at: https://www.plasticsurgery.org/news/press-releases/new-statistics-reveal-the-shape-of-plastic-surgery Accessed 14 Jun. 2018.

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20. Zwivel. (2017). The Future of Plastic Surgery: 5 Groundbreaking Medical Technologies. online Available at: https://www.zwivel.com/blog/plastic-surgery-science-fiction/ Accessed 10 Jun. 2018.

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