Sally Fitzgibbons Foundation

Beginning the Academic Essay

Henry Hudson was an English explorer, born around 1565. He was well known for his navigational skills. Henry took four voyages in his lifetime, looking for shorter routes to Eastern Asia from Europe. He understood a lot about the Arctic and its geography and was certain he could find a ice free passage to Asia.
The first voyage was funded by England in 1607. He went North to try go above the Americas, hoping for a channel through to the Pacific. The ship became blocked by ice, so they went back. They later tried again in 1608 without any luck.
His third voyage was funded by Holland. He decided to try going further south after hearing about possible water channel routes to the Pacific from Captains John Smith and George Weymouth. When the crew got caught in severe weather, instead of going back to Holland as promised, he directed them North. They then discovered what is now called the Hudson’s River, by New York City. They continued up the river to Albany and decide to go back.
On his fourth and final expedition in 1610, he was funded by England once more. He left from London to Iceland and continued west toward Weymouth’s suggestion. The crew travelled into a strait that led into a large bay, where he thought he had found the passage to the Pacific. Refusing to give up looking, winter came, and their ship got stuck in ice. Spring arrived, and they began to run low on rations. A mutiny formed on his ship and the crew sent him, his son and some other members into the waters on a life boat. It is believed they died due to exposure, but it’s unclear whether anyone suffered penalties for his disappearance.
Henry Hudson never found the Northwest Passage from Europe to Eastern Asia, but he had a large influence on the discovery of America. He led Holland to start The New Amsterdam Colony and he helped England gain territory in Canada. The Hudson River, Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay all bare his name due to his bravery and determination.

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