Objectives: This systematic literature review contributes with the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues in Bangladesh especially in Ready Made Garments (RMG) industry. The objectives of this systematic literature review is to investigate the present status of OSH available in practical and according to policy.
Method: This systematic literature review has designed according to PRISMA guidelines. Investigators screened and abstracted related to RMG and garments sector that individually published papers and journals from the electronic database especially in PubMed and google scholar. The searching keywords Papers were selected that published between 2002 and 2017.
Result: Most of the studies relate to occupational safety and health which are available in Bangladesh. This review is related to OSH services available for the RMG workers in Bangladesh. Out of 230 papers, only 11 papers met the criteria. Data has been extracted from the selected studies.
Conclusion: Most of the studies carried among the female. Occupational safety and health problems among RMG workers was identified workers in this systematic literature review.
Keywords: Occupational safety and health (OSH), Readymade garment (RMG), Bangladesh, knowledge.
The readymade garments industry acts as a compound for the development of Bangladesh. Bangladesh has the limited resources to maintain 6% annual average GDP growth rate but has brought about remarkable social and human development. The readymade garment (RMG) industry which is now the single biggest export earner for Bangladesh that accounts for 81% of total export earnings of the country 1. Regardless of absolute success story, RMG sector has got a number of terrible challenges for the future growth. The present study has made a search present status and challenges of occupational safety and health available in RMG industry in Bangladesh 2. RMG industries faced many challenges for getting success in this sector. The growth of this industrial sector has changed the status of Bangladesh from low to middle income country 3.
The new form of compliance assurance has been experienced by the stakeholders of RMG in 2013 for the first time. Types of buyers and international trade unions involved to ensure workplace safety at the manufacturers’ end. In addition, local entrepreneurs also have to ensure high level of safety standards and maintenance at their own factories. RMG workers have been able to understand the safety-related issues and concerns to respond in case of emergencies in the factories 4. Not only safety but also occupational health is the most important section which need to be improved.
Occupational safety and health is the science of anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards arising in or from the workplace, which could impair the health and well-being of workers, and also impact the surrounding communities and the environment 5.
1.1. Research questions:
I. Does readymade garments worker have the knowledge about occupational safety and health in Bangladesh?
II. What type of Occupational safety and health services is available in readymade garments sector in Bangladesh?
1.2. Research Objectives:
The aim of this systematic literature review was to evaluate peer reviewed journals to investigate not only the clinical factors which is influencing expert system but also the measurement tools for the CCU or CICU which are mostly used by the researcher in the recent research for applying machine learning techniques for mining data to predict complications for improved cardiac care.
We conducted this systematic literature review according to the requirement of preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) 28 which is transparent reporting in literature review. Thus PRISMA statement consists of a 27-item checklist and a four-phase flow diagram 30 and an evidence-based systematic literature review that focused on reviewing to evaluate recent research studies. Since the PRISMA checklist “decouples” several items present in the QUOROM 31 checklist, we used the PRISMA check list to do this review.
3 MATERIALS and METHODS
In this systematic literature review, we searched for relevant English language papers from the electronic database like PubMed and google scholar by using the key terms. The following keywords are used during the searching like knowledge about occupational health and safety, readymade garment’s worker, practice about OSH. We have also used mesh words to search the databases. After this initial steps, we used DistillerSR (Partners, 2011), one of the best SLR evidence based software’s to do screening the title and abstract. We also studied the references list of the relevant research papers to search for more studies. Nearly, 230 research papers were found during searching different electronic databases. 35 papers were selected in this review after analysing full paper. According to inclusion criteria, 08 papers are selected finally for the data extraction in this systematic literature review.
3.1. Selection Criteria
We set few criteria to select papers into our selection criteria, which are as follows
A. Papers published on occupational safety and health of RMG workers.
B. We have chosen the paper published from January 2002 to March 2017.
C. We also included those papers that were on RMG workers related to Bangladesh.
3.2. Exclusion Criteria
The exclusion criteria of the research papers were as follows
A. Papers were not published between 2002 and 2017
B. Papers published in other languages except English.
C. Papers are not related to the occupational safety and health and RMG workers.
4 Data Extraction
For the data extraction, we used author names, publication year (which was published recently), study design (those contained about knowledge about OSH and practice about OSH in RMG workers). We summarise this review based on the research articles published on occupational safety and health of RMG workers. We have also extract the knowledge and practice about occupational safety and health of RMG workers in Bangladesh. I did not contact with any author for further information but we use the references of the selected papers for further studies.